Reblog: Understanding How The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry Works – Part 3 of 3

The 3rd article in this series explains about the key performance indicators (KPI) to track any pharmaceutical company and measure their performance. Few of those metrics are R&D spends, ANDA filings, Operating Segments, to know particularly in which market the company deals, what is the status of the products in the companies pipeline, the number of patents that have been filed by any company etc. It’s not necessary for every pharma company to have the same standards of operating and therefore financial metrics and KPI can differ from company to company.


The original post is written by Shuchi Nahar, appears on and is available here.

Indices shrug-off trade war fears; Sensex ends 83 pts up at 35,658 levels

The benchmark indices pared most of their day’s gains to end marginally higher on Friday tracking recovery in the global markets.

The S&P BSE Sensex ended at 35,658, up 83 points while the broader Nifty50 index settled at 10,773, up 23 points.

Among sectoral indices, the Nifty Auto index settled over 1% led by rise in the stocks of Ashok Leyland, Hero MotoCorp and Tata Motors.

The rupee recovered 21 paise from intra-day low of 69.03 to trade at 68.82 against the US dollar in late morning deals. As the US is set to impose tariffs on Chinese goods today and sustained foreign capital outflows pressured the sentiment, the rupee fell sharply to 69.03 a dollar before quoting 68.82. The rupee moved in range between 68.82 and 69.03.

Shares of paint company Asian Paints, fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) firm Hindustan Unilever (HUL) and information technology giant Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) from the Sensex have hit their respective new highs on the BSE on Friday. Thus far in the current calendar year 2018, these three stocks have outperformed the market by gaining in the range of 15% to 39%, as compared to 4.5% rise in the S&P BSE Sensex.
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Reblog: Understanding How The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry Works – Part 2 of 3

The second part of this series explains the various business segments in which a pharmaceutical company works. This post will help us to understand the significance of different segments in detail and will give a brief idea about how pharma companies make money through R&D , sales and marketing. The need of having a strong distribution channel, dispensing the right goods at the right place and at right time is equally important.


The original post is written by Shuchi Nahar, appears on and is available here.

Reblog: Understanding How The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry Works – Part 1 of 3

Following article is first in the series of articles on the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry, the first article is written to familiarize ourselves with the terminology or the jargons of the pharmaceutical industry. We will briefly touch upon terms like API, Intermediates, Formulations, Innovator drug, Generic drugs, life cycle development etc.

The Indian Pharmaceutical industry is about $ 17 bn industry (2016) with as many as 20,000 registered companies (includes MNC’s and small-scale units) directly or indirectly involved in the business of selling medicines. India has the distinction of being the lowest cost producer of medicine in the world. India also has the feather of being the largest exporter of generic drugs in the world, we have some great franchises like Lupin, Sun Pharma etc.


The original post is written by Shuchi Nahar, appears on and is available here.

Sensex rises 386 pts as rupee recovers; Tata Steel, RIL up 3%

The benchmark indices settled over 1% higher on Friday after the rupee recovered from its all-time low and Asian peers staged a pullback.

The S&P BSE Sensex ended at 35,423, up 386 points while the broader Nifty50 index settled at 10,714, up 125 points.

Among sectoral indices, the Nifty Metal index settled 2.8% higher led by a surge in the shares of Jindal Steel & Power, NMDC and Hindalco Industries. The Nifty PSU Bank index also rose 1.35% led by IDBI Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce and Syndicate Bank.

On the BSE, the S&P BSE Midcap index rose 1.8% higher on Friday and the S&P BSE Smallcap index ended 1.9% up.

Among individual stocks, Tata Steel was the biggest gainer on S&P BSE Sensex, gaining 3.6% to settle at Rs 567.85. The market heavyweight Reliance Industries also rose 3% to end at Rs 972.95 on Friday.

The rupee, which breached the 69 per dollar mark for the first time on Thursday, recovered tracking a rebound in Asian shares and currencies. The Indian currency had on Thursday breached the 69-mark but covered lost ground to finally close at an all-time low of 68.79 with a fall of 18 paise against the US dollar due to multiple headwinds like weak global cues and concerns related to inflation and fiscal slippage.
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Reblog: Bruce Berkowitz – Our Successful Three Step Approach To Value Investing

One of our favorite investors here at The Acquirer’s Multiple is Bruce Berkowitz. He is the Founder and Chief Investment Officer of Fairholme Capital Management, and President and a Director of Fairholme Funds. In 2010 Berkowitz was named as the 2009 Domestic-Stock Fund Manager of the Year by Morningstar as well as the Domestic-Stock Fund Manager of the Decade (2000-2009), also by Morningstar. Most recently, he was named 2013’s Money Manager of the Year by Institutional Investor Magazine.

Here’s an excerpt from an interview with Berkowitz in which he succinctly lays out his three-step approach to value investing, including the example of Bank of America:

At Fairholme, we’re very focused on price. Price matters most to us. And we think that price determines much of the success you’re gonna have in the future. So rather than predict what’s going to happen with the company we try to price it correctly with a large margin of safety. So pricing with a significant margin of safety is very important in our rule number one of not losing.

Once we determine what a cheap price is, our next step is to look at the investment and the underlying company and stress test it to determine all the ways that business can go wrong, the environment can go wrong, the balance sheet can go wrong. Try to kill the company.

If we can’t kill the company and we’re buying it at a price that reflects near death we may be onto something very good.

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Reblog: Varroc Engineering IPO Review: Endurance Encore?

Aurangabad-based Varroc Engineering plans to launch its IPO next week and has priced the offer in the range of INR965 – 967 per share. The IPO will involve sale of 20,221,730 shares through an Offer For Sale (OFS), amounting to INR1,955.4 crore at the upper end of the price end. Investors can place orders for minimum 15 shares and in multiples thereafter. All these shares of the auto component manufacturer will be sold by existing shareholders. While the positive response to recent IPOs of RITES Limited and Fine Organic Industries indicates the positive sentiment, it is better to check the fundamentals before committing your money and Varroc Engineering IPO review is a step in this direction.


As mentioned above, all the shares sold in the IPO will be offered by existing shareholders and thus, the company will not get anything from IPO proceeds. Among the selling shareholders are Omega TC Holdings Pte Ltd, Tata Capital Financial Services Limited and promoter Tarang Jain.

Omega TC Holdings made an investment in the company in March 2014 which has resulted in its stake going up to 12.55%.  The Singapore-based private equity firm plans to sell its entire shareholding of 16,917,130 shares. Similarly, Tata Capital Financial Services plans to sell its 1.15% equity stake or 1,552,040 shares. Tarang Jain, who currently owns 46.35% equity stake in the company, plans to offload 1,752,560 shares which will lead to his stake dropping to just above 45%.

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Reblog: Why Mirror Trading Is A Bad Idea

Mirror trading is the act of simply copying or ‘mirroring’ a different person’s trades. The idea is that one should be able to simply copy the action of a successful trader, and then reap the same rate of success.

As simple and intuitive as this proposition sounds, mirror trading is actually a bad idea. Even if someone were to closely follow the actions of a consistently successful trader, the inherent delay between the original trade and the mirror trade leads to reduced profits on successful trades and expanded losses on unsuccessful ones.

Mirror Trading and Timing

The most difficult aspect of trading is timing. Identifying good trades is a necessary first step, but the actual execution itself is the most challenging part of trading and will be the final determinant of the rate and degree of trading success.

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Nifty ends firmly above 10800, Sensex up 257 points; Pharma gains

Markets edged up on Friday with Nifty50 closing above 10,800-levels, even as broader global markets remained weak.

The S&P BSE Sensex ended the day at 35,689, up 257 points while the broader Nifty50 index settled at 10,822, up 81 points.

The top gainers on the Sensex include Sun Pharma, HDFC, Mahindra and Mahindra (M&M), and Axis Bank whereas Reliance Industries (RIL), and Coal India were the major losers.

Among sectoral gainers, banking and finance sectoral indices gained with Nifty Bank, Nifty PSU Bank and Nifty Private Bank index up over 1% each. Meanwhile, Nifty Pharma index was up 1.8% with Sun Pharma gaining over 4%.

Bajaj Finance, which hit a new high of Rs 2,330, up 3% on the BSE in late noon deal on Friday, has surpasses private sector lender Axis Bank in market capitalisation (market-cap) ranking. Thus far in the calendar year 2018 (CY18), Bajaj Finance has outperformed the market by surging 33% as compared to 4% rise in the S&P BSE Sensex. Axis Bank has underperformed the market by falling 8% during the period.

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Reblog: Shelby Cullom Davis & The Wisdom of Great Investors

One of the best papers ever written on investing is The Wisdom of Great Investors, provided by Davis Advisors.

Davis Advisors was founded by legendary investor Shelby Cullom Davis, a leading financial advisor to governors and presidents, who parlayed an initial investment of $100,000 in the late 1940s into more than $800 million by the end of his career in the early 1990s. In 1969, Shelby Cullom Davis’s son, Shelby M.C. Davis, founded Davis Advisors after serving as the head of equity research at The Bank of New York.

Shelby Cullom Davis famously said:

“You make most of your money in a bear market, you just don’t realize it at the time.”

This timeless paper is a great reminder that wherever we are in the history of investing it is crucial that we don’t forget the painful lessons from investors of the past. Here are the most important takeaways from the paper:


It is important to understand that periods of market uncertainty can create wealth-building opportunities for the patient, diligent, long-term investor. Taking advantage of these opportunities, however, requires the willingness to embrace and incorporate the wisdom and insight offered in these pages. History has taught us that investors who have adopted this mindset have met with great success.

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